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Bunions & Toes
Bunions are a really common, and extremely painful condition that affects millions of people around the world.

A bunion is basically a bony protrusion of the main toe joint, that can cause friction and pain when wearing shoes of any type, and is usually caused by an active lifestyle, shoes that don't fit correctly, or in many cases a foot that rolls inwards which affects the main toe joint bones and tendons over time.

Professionals around the world recommend correct fitting shoes, the use of bunion pads to ease the pain, and correct foot supports and orthotics in the shoes.

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Taking Care of a Bunion - Foot Health Center - EverydayHealth.com

Taking Care of a Bunion
Unless you go barefoot all the time, it's tough to ignore a bunion. But how do you ease the pain?By Diana RodriguezMedically reviewed by Niya Jones, MD, MPH


If a painful bunion is keeping you from doing the things you enjoy or wearing your favorite shoes, it's time to seek help. Bunion treatment can range from simple changes in footwear and preventive care at home to treatment from a podiatrist. Which treatment is best for you will depend on the severity and discomfort of your bunion.

Bunion: Do-It-Yourself Treatments

Bunions are caused by abnormal tissue and bone growth adjacent to the big toe. Though they can become quite painful, bunions "can be treated conservatively," says Alan K. Mauser, DPM, a podiatrist in Louisville, Ky. He suggests that people try bunion pads, comfortable footwear, and anti-inflammatory medications to soothe foot pain associated with bunions. "These won't get rid of a bunion, but may help slow down progression by improving the mechanics of the foot," Dr. Mauser says.

Try these do-it-yourself bunion treatments:
Wear comfortable shoes. Make sure your shoes are wide enough and don't put added pressure on your bunion. Avoid wearing shoes with heels higher than two inches while your bunion is bothering you.Use a bunion pad. Buy bunion pads at the drugstore to cushion the bony area of your foot when you wear shoes.Take a pain reliever. An over-the-counter pain reliever can help manage pain and swelling.
Bunion Treatment: Podiatry, Therapy, and Surgery

If you are still in pain after trying the above tips, it's time to call the doctor. A podiatrist can prescribe orthotic shoe inserts to help ease bunion pain by relieving pressure on your feet. The foot specialist may even administer steroid injections to control inflammation and pain.

Physical therapists also play a role in reducing swelling and strengthening the joint. A technique called ultrasound therapy, which uses sound waves that produce heat to manage pain and inflammation, may be used in addition to physical therapy exercises.

The only way to truly get rid of a bunion, however, is with surgery. The operation requires several weeks on crutches during recovery, and is something you should carefully consider.

It's a big decision, but if you're suffering from bunion-related pain, surgery can help relieve your symptoms. "It's a quality-of-life issue. If it's affecting everyday life, you should think about having surgery to correct it," says Mauser. "It's all dependent on the severity, and how much it bothers you."

Bunion Treatment: Long-Term Prevention

If you're looking for ways to keep bunions at bay, there are a few things you can do to protect your feet.
Choose footwear wisely. This is probably one of the most important things you can do to prevent a bunion. Never wear shoes that are too tight or too small, particularly in the toes. Look for footwear with spacious toe boxes, low heels (no more than about two inches), and a soft sole. Shoes with a bit of give to them and that mold themselves to your feet are a good choice.Wear orthotic shoe inserts. These can correct the way you walk. Arch supports will usually do the trick, but you can ask your doctor about prescription orthotics to prevent bunion problems.
Bunions that are left untreated can cause serious foot pain and problems, including arthritis. Don't let bunions knock you off your feet. First, try to treat them yourself with over-the-counter pain relievers and proper footwear. If that doesn't help, seek care from a podiatrist.

There are a number of plantar fasciitis causes. The plantar fascia ligament is like a rubber band and loosens and contracts with movement. It also absorbs significant weight and pressure. Because of this function, plantar fasciitis can easily occur from a number of reasons. Among the most common is an overload of physical activity or exercise. Athletes are particularly prone to plantar fasciitis and commonly suffer from it. Excessive running, jumping, or other activities can easily place repetitive or excessive stress on the tissue and lead to tears and inflammation, resulting in moderate to severe pain.

First check your shoes for too much midfoot flexibility and check your training for changes. A detailed evaluation of changes in your training is necessary. You should start with what is called "relative rest" which means a decrease in workout intensity, duration of session and decrease in the number of sessions per week. The most important part of self treatment for this condition is being sure that your shoes offer sufficient stability and are optimal in controlling the forces that contribute to plantar fasciitis and heel spurs. Check your running shoes to make sure that they are not excessively worn. This is vital!

Morning plantar fasciitis is commonly the most painful type of heel pain associated with this condition. This is because pain from plantar fasciitis is often felt more in the morning. After long periods of rest, such as after waking up in the morning, an inflamed area of the plantar fascia ligament becomes stressed when pressure is put on it. The first steps taken in the morning are usually extremely painful. Terrible morning plantar fasciitis pain results from the plantar fascia ligament being over stretched and becoming inflamed within a few steps.

Let us begin the discussion with a short explanation on what is plantar fasciitis. The human foot consists of plantar fascia, which is a thick and fibrous band of tissues, that originate from the lowermost surface of the heel bone and stretches along the sole of the foot, towards the toes. Plantar fasciitis is an inflammatory and painful condition of the plantar fascia. It is characterized by heel pain of light or severe nature. Plantar fasciitis is a commonly found condition in the United States and it has been observed that, every year almost two million Americans encounter plantar fasciitis.

The plantar fascia is located on the underside of your foot. It is a connective tissue that runs along the arch of the foot from the heel to the bones on the ball of the foot. The plantar fascia stabilizes your toes and absorbs shock for your legs. The American Council on Exercise states that impact activities such as running, aerobics and plyometrics can irritate and inflame the plantar fascia. Plantar fasciitis is associated with pain originating at the heel and running the length of the bottom of the foot. Pain is usually most prevalent in the morning when you wake up and begin walking. plantar fasciitis stretches

When you go in to see your podiatrist about the pain in the bottom of your heel, be sure to come prepared to answer questions (and ask questions of your own, of course). Your doctor will probably want to know a history of your symptoms and will perform a physical exam of your foot to check for swelling and redness. He or she may also check for tenderness on the foot to find out where the pain is coming from. You may need to get X-rays to check for other possible sources of your pain (such as stress fractures).

If your foot pain does not respond within a reasonable amount of time to noninvasive treatments, your podiatrist may suggest other options, such as corticosteroid injections, extracorporeal shock wave therapy and iontophoresis. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy is thought to stimulate your plantar fascia tissue to accelerate its healing. Iontophoresis uses low-level electrical stimulation to push corticosteroid ointment into the soft tissues of your foot. You may be referred to a surgeon for a plantar fasciotomy, an operation in which part of your plantar fascia is cut away from your heel. The connective tissue then regrows, creating a longer plantar fascia. References

The plantar fascia is actually a thick, fibrous band of connective tissue which originates at the heel bone and runs along the bottom of the foot in a fan-like manner, attaching to the base of each of the toes. A rather tough, resilient structure, the plantar fascia takes on a number of critical functions during running and walking. It stabilizes the metatarsal joints (the joints associated with the long bones of the foot) during impact with the ground, acts as a shock absorber for the entire leg, and helps to lift the longi-tudinal arch of the foot to prepare it for the 'take-off' phase of the gait cycle.

Shoe modifications are also important. Wearing the proper shoe and in some cases in combination with a custom orthotics helps to cushion and support the foot and keep the plantar fascia supported to stop excessive strain on the foot. Custom orthotic devices are custom molded to your foot and prevent any biomechanical defects with your foot to help aid in recovery and prevent future recurrences. Night splints are also used at night to keep the plantar fascia stretched to reduce morning pain associated with this condition. Injection therapy can be combined with the above modalities.

In case you simply don't need to invest some cash on the night splint, you may create the plantar fasciitis night splint on your own using ace dressing and also something related. In fact, we don't advise that, due to the fact it could lead to some injury when you can't make it properly. First of all, you need to be aware to the force, too much force will result in side result. Because the foot is indeed essential to your day-to-day existence, you ought to be much more cautious whenever you decide to do the cure.plantar fasciitis relief
Plantar Fasciitis is caused by small tears accompanied by inflammation along the ligaments and tendons stretching from the heel towards the ball of the foot. This region resembles a bow string and forms the arch of the foot, and it serves as one of our bodies' shock absorbers. Pain in the heel, particularly during the first steps as you start the day, is often associated with this type of foot pain The kind of footwear being worn often plays an important role in providing relief from foot pain Orthotic Insoles with proper arch support have been found to be helpful in relieving this condition in many people.

Achilles Tendinitis. Achilles tendinitis is an inflammation of the tendon that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. Achilles tendinitis is caused by small tears in the tendon from overuse or injury. It is most common in people who engage in high-impact exercise, particularly jogging, racquetball, and tennis. People at highest risk for this disorder are those with a shortened Achilles tendon, which can be due to an inborn structural abnormality or can be acquired after wearing high heels regularly. Such people tend to roll their feet too far inward when walking and bounce when they walk.

The complete structure of the foot is composed of 24 bones forming a double crossing arch in the foot. There are multiple joints, ligaments and tissues intertwined around each other, contributing to the anatomy of the foot. One of the most important muscles of the foot is the plantar fascia that provides secondary support to the foot. Weight absorbing pads are also essential structures of the foot that protects it from getting hurt while walking or running. Foot pain is an indication of some problems affecting the interaction of internal muscles and its contact with the external surrounding. footpain

Foot pain is also caused by wearing the wrong type of shoes for the wrong type of activity. Really, there's a reason why athletic shoe makers sell billions of dollars of footwear each year. These shoes were designed to protect the feet while the user competes in his preferred sport. Sports or activities that Hammer Toes are high-impact require more padding or support in certain areas. For instance, a marathon runner absorbs an incredible amount of force on his hindfoot, which is why professional running shoes are designed to absorb force. Wearing the wrong type of shoes can cause or even aggravate an existing injury.

Healthy, balanced diet and regular exercises can help avoid pain on the top of the foot or at the bottom of the foot. A nutrients rich diet ensures proper functioning of body systems and bodily organs. You should also check whether you are wearing properly fitting shoes. Mild foot pain can be cured with oil massage, application of ice and heat and moderate exercises under the guidance of an expert. You can even apply balm or an ointment. Avoid exposing the foot to extreme cold. Try to keep it warm by wearing socks. Sometimes, providing sufficient rest to the foot helps get rid of the pain and discomfort.

Rather than buy insole inserts start where the problem may be in the first place; comfortable shoes. preferably rubber sole shoes without a heel. Take a look at a Nurses shoe, they have no heels, Why? they stand on their feet all day and walk around all day tending to patients. But if you still want to use a ready made insole, draw a circle on it just above the painful area and cut a hole the size of a quarter. This will offer support to the rest of the heel while relieving pressure on the painful spot itself.

Shoes with high heels can create much trouble for your feet. From the narrowing of the toe box (the area surrounding the front of the foot) to the angle of incline, these shoes can do quite a bit of internal damage to feet. First, when narrowing of the feet is forced, as occurs in a high heeled shoe, the mid-foot and toe areas are forced into an unnatural position. The ligaments, tendons and muscles are strained into a much smaller space than what the foot requires. Over time, nerves become compressed, blood flow is restricted to areas of the foot (particularly in the toes) and foot conditions ensue.
heel lift inserts for womenDo you often want to be taller and are not happy with the height that you are? You may have tried a lot of different products and techniques to try to grow taller and if you are ready to try something that really works, you can find shoe insoles that will make you look inches taller, all without having to take any kind of supplement or other procedure that is designed to make you look taller. The insoles that you can try are called the Levitator shoe lifts, and they are made to easily fit into your shoes without being able to notice that they are there.

Shoe lifts come in a selection of models all supplying instantaneous height increase at an easily affordable price and completely interchangeable with whatever was the shoe of preference for that day. Many are of just one piece even though effective provide a out of the blue increase of height that might be very easily detectable. Some shoe lifts are adjustable, using a couple of inserts , that could be gradually introduced making sure that height increase is gradual and almost certainly not as noticeable also giving you the option to grow familiar with their development of height.

If you are feeling plantar pain, a simple approach to assist in alleviating the stress on the fascia is to make use of arch support inserts and do plantar fasciitis exercises, that will strengthen the plantar fascia as well. One of the prescribed plantar fasciitis stretching exercises is stretching the foot before rising from bed. The Plantar Fascia will tighten while you sleep, which causes the intense pain that people feel when they get out of bed. By stretching the plantar fascia before you put pressure on it, you can help reduce the pain that you experience with your first morning steps.

The next crucial thing to do is immediately put on a comfortable pair of shoes and orthotic shoe insoles. This will help to cushion and support the bottom of your foot and help to keep it from more injury. If you utilize the proper plantar fasciitis stretching exercises and arch support inserts, you will see a great improvement in your heel pain. You should really pay attention to your body and if you are aware of foot pain, talk to a doctor as soon as possible. This will ensure that your pain does not become a more serious issue.

A heel spur can cause sufficient pain to make standing on the affected foot nearly impossible. But often heel spurs can be present in a person and cause no pain. They usually are found in people who are suffering from plantar fasciitis, which is the over-stretching or tearing of the connective band of tissue that runs from the heel to the toes. This band of tissue helps to maintain the integrity of the arch. Plantar fasciitis comes about when there are problems with a person's arch, causing them to walk on the foot in such a way that they wear out or injure the tissue and it becomes inflamed.

No one can imagine his/her life without feet because it is the important part of our body. Foot care is very necessary in our life. The elevator shoe have been popular in the market can be attributed to the fact that the majority of the consumers has come to know using this kind of shoe embellishments as an enormous way to treat the most common foot problems. Unbelievably, using shoe insoles has proved to be the best way for people to evade foot pain and other structural defects. You can easily find shoe inserts for various kinds of occasion like for official purpose, sports day, weddings and casual wear.

KURU shoes are specially formed with custom orthotics that are proven to address many foot conditions to help you rediscover healthy movement. Through our innovative KURU SOLE technology, our built in orthotics provide a custom fit for your own unique foot. Medical-grade, heat responsive foams built into the footbed adapt to the natural shape of the foot when you move for natural comfort, and outstanding performance. KURU shoes are durable and proven to meet your everyday needs. Lacking arch support? KURU provides some of the world’s most comfortable arch support shoes that fit your feet like a glove.

Heelpain is commonly felt on the bottom of the foot, where the plantarfascia attaches to the heel bone. Due to the fact that the fasciaconstricts when you sleep, you will typically feel the most pain in themornings. When you get up, the sudden stretch and load of your bodyweight pulls on the attachment to the heel bone. Mild to severesymptoms of foot pain in athletes may occur. The pattern of pain can bevery unpredictable over months at a time. Frequently, the paindisappears for several weeks, only to re-emerge full-blown after asingle workout or change in activity.

There’s a large difference between standard shoe insoles and arch support inserts Regular shoe insoles are purely designed to give a cushioning effect and shock absorption. They may feel comfortable at to start, however they do not deal with any biomechanical issues i.e. they do not fix over-pronation. On the other hand, orthotic shoe inserts are practical devices, created to correct and regulate our foot function. Some shoe insoles also feature an arch support, but often the support is too weak to have any effect, especially if the shoe insoles are made of soft materials.

Apple cider vinegar is an effective home remedy. Dip a cotton towel or cotton bandage in apple cider vinegar, fold it up and place it on your heel. Secure the towel or bandage in place with tape. Wear it regularly for a few days. Make a mixture of apple cider vinegar, molasses, and baking soda and rub it on your heel spur. Applying ice to the heel and massaging the area with coconut oil are also good home remedies. A best way to reduce the pain and discomfort associated with this bony growth is to immerse your feet in a warm bath of Epsom salts.



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Claw Foot: Identification, Causes & Treatments

Claw toes can form from severaldifferent conditions. They can occur following ankle surgery or ankle injuries.Inflammation can also cause your toes to bend into a claw-like position. Insome cases, no cause is ever found. Sometimes claw toes develop due to nervedamage to your feet. This can make your foot muscles weaker, which leads toimbalances that force your toes to bend awkwardly. Underlying disorders thatcan cause claw toes include:

Stroke
This condition occurs when bloodstops flowing to one area of your brain because of a clot or weak bloodvessels. Strokes can cause serious nerve damage and strongly affect yourmuscles.

Diabetes
This condition occurs when yourbody has high levels of blood sugar because your pancreas cannot make enoughinsulin to control it or you become insulin resistant. Nerve damage, especiallyin the feet, is one of the complications that can result from this disease.

Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chroniccondition that occurs when the lining of your joints becomes inflamed, whichcan lead to joint deformities. It is an autoimmune disorder that causes yourimmune system to destroy your tissues.

Cerebral Palsy
This condition can affect muscletone, resulting in muscles that are either too stiff or too loose. It can becaused by abnormal brain development before birth or injury during delivery.

Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease
This is an inherited disorderthat affects your nervous system. According to the National Institute ofNeurological Disorders and Stroke, it occurs in about one in every 2,500 peoplein the United States. (NINDS) It often causes weakness in the feetand toe deformities.
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